Presenter Garyth Nair
Presentation Title Consonant Resonance and the Highly-skilled Singer – a Study in Physioacoustics
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Link to abstract provided before conference N/A
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1 John Nix – Ingo’s written and talked a lot about vocal tract inertance, and I’m wondering, do you feel that this lower mandible position (and, hopefully, the lower laryngeal position that comes with that) is assisting in getting the conditions right so we have that inertive vocal tract? Also, just a challenge to our researchers is the relationship between jaw opening, laryngeal position, and the epilaryngeal opening. Audio link.
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2 Jeannie Lovetri– I just wanted to say about the TMJ, I am a sufferer - and know quite a bit about it, and I can give you a name of at least one person who’s a major singer with the Metropolitan Opera who has this. I do know that my dentist treats a lot of people who are professional singers, and a number of them are singers with the Metropolitan Opera with severe TMJ problems. He did tell me it is a common problem because we have to open our mouths so much that it irritates the joint. I think that is a whole area of research that was done years ago… [please click on audio link for the rest.] Audio link.
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3 Susan Buesgens– I have an interesting situation: I’ve just had a ton of dental work done, and in doing the typical carbon thing that dentists do to check your bite, I said "do you want me to close this way, or this way" and he said "oh you’re one of those people" and I said "what do you mean?" and he said "there are a number of people, not very many, that have double bites." So he had to set my new bite to accommodate both bites. For the next 2 years, I fooled around and realized that dropping the jaw had meant different things for me as a singer, and I had to accommodate the jaw drop in both bites to do what you’re doing. So maybe the dental profession would be one area to look for research in this area, and it’s important to know in case you have students that have that you might ask them about their bite. Audio link.
4 Stephen Austin – I have a 12 year old son who has a Pueblan Milk Snake by the name of Adobe, so watching a snake feed is an interesting observation, particularly to this discussion: I don’t remember my jaw anatomy too well, I know that our jaws are different from a reptile’s jaw, at least a snake jaw, and I don’t know how much freedom we have in actually dislocating the mandible in the back. It’s a complex joint, I do remember that, but I don’t remember how much. Audio link.
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5 Linda Carroll, New York – I know that you have talked in the past about the possibility of consonant formants. Do you believe, then, that the more accomplished and elite singer might be lining up the formants as in we heard earlier this morning of looking at the energies from at times 3 and perhaps even times 5, to line those up appropriately with the consonant formants to then make a smoother transition vowel to consonant? Audio link.
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6 Viggio Pettersen – Just to give you a response in your cry for more research in this area, I just want to inform you that there is progress on tongue shapes both in vowels and consonants. We are doing it by EMG in the neck and head area and ultrasound on tongue shapes. So we have done some work on it in Norway and we are just waiting on the latest equipment to use and we will have it in October. Audio link.
7 Mary Enid Haines, Toronto, Ottawa, Canada – Just in terms of details about TMJ research, there is some wonderful work coming out of McMaster University with the Physiotherapy clinic and dealing with the McKenzie technique of neck release. The person who you can look for is Anita Gross who is the doctor of physiotherapy who’s worked on that. Audio link.
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